This Joint Programme is in response to the UN Security Council resolution 2036 (2012) that seeks international cooperation to ban illegal exports of Charcoal from Somalia. The programme envisages a comprehensive response to support the Security Council resolution. The specific objectives of the programme are four : 1) Support government in Somalia as well as countries in the Horn of Africa and the region to produce pertinent legal instruments and strengthen enforcement mechanisms at national, regional and local levels; 2) Promote alternative sources of energy to reduce local charcoal consumption; 3) Provide alternative livelihoods to the Charcoal Value Chain Beneficiaries (CVCBs) involved in the charcoal production and trade; and, 4) Country wide reforestation and afforestation to regain the productive potential of the environmentally degraded lands.
The joint programme will build on successful projects executed by UN agencies to support the ban and will use the UN joint programming modality to harmonize approaches, and maximize synergies. To this end, it will emphasize joint work plans, joint monitoring and evaluation of activities and offer a forum for policy dialogue between the governments and all partners on activities related to the ban of charcoal trade in the region. This phase of Joint Programme absorbs the Programme Initiation Phase activities and has been scaled down to the current level of funding.
The overall goal of the programme is to promote energy security and more resilient livelihoods through a gradual reduction of unsustainable charcoal production, trade and use. The programme has four major objectives, namely:
To mobilize key stakeholders in the region and build institutional capacity among government entities across Somalia for the effective monitoring and enforcement of the charcoal trade ban, the development of an enabling policy environment for energy security and natural resources management;
To support the development of alternative energy resources; and,
To facilitate – for stakeholders in the charcoal value chain – transition towards livelihood options that are sustainable, reliable and more profitable than charcoal production.
To start reforestation and afforestation throughout the country for the rehabilitation of degraded lands.
The interventions planned under the programme would trigger local economic opportunities, and thus reduce poverty, halt environmental degradation, improve energy security, enhance climate and livelihood resilience, promote social equity amongst vulnerable groups (youth, Internally Displaced Persons [IDPs] and women), diversify energy sources, reduce conflict, and promote peace and development.
As a result, the programme will achieve the following outcome:
Joint Programme Outcome(s): Economic Foundations - Somali economy revitalized and expanded with a focus on livelihood enhancement, employment generation, and broad-based inclusive growth
Promote the sustainable development and management of natural resources by developing legal and regulatory frameworks and building capacity in key Natural Resources Management (NRM) institutions.