With UNDP’s strategic and technical support, fundamental shifts in the way that government works will encourage growth and stability in Somali institutions to deliver better security, services and opportunities for all.
In 2013, UNDP helped Parliament initiate law-making and oversight functions. Parliament began to effectively engage in the federal budget cycle, and exerting oversight of key ministries. Support was also provided to set legislative priorities. The Parliament Constitutional Oversight Committee was launched in 2013 with participation from civil society, youth and women’s groups and the media and a law establishing the Constitutional Review and Implementation Commission was passed in July.
Only 38 out of the 275 Members of Parliament (MPs) in the Federal Government of Somalia are women. In Puntland, there are only 2 women of 66 MPs sitting in legislature. In Somaliland, only 2 of 82 MPs are women. To combat this reality and set the stage for a more inclusive elected body, UNDP supported coordination on gender mainstreaming in government in each of Somalia’s regions. Efforts to promote women’s political participation increased nationwide through workshops, consultation and advocacy forums.
At the federal level, a dedicated project to support female MPs to become effective members of the legislature is being implemented through a national non-governmental organization. UNDP provides female MPs and civil society organizations with training on gender sensitive legislation and how to effectively influence the legislative process.
Through targeted community security activities, UNDP supports an empowered citizenry which can take their needs and concerns to authorities. As part of a joint Youth for Change Joint Initiative with ILO and UNICEF, UNDP’s Community Security Project social rehabilitation activities focus on holistic change in the lives of young adults – this includes a change of attitude. Through non-formal education tools and trainings on basic social skills, peacebuilding, rule of law, civic education, ethics, sports, arts and drama, community volunteer activities and literacy and numeracy classes, participants are enabled to explore their options and lead to economic rehabilitation and skills development.
UNDP provided further support to the informal and formal justice systems by standardizing the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) to ensure that traditional ways of resolving disputes and the interface between formal and traditional systems are compatible and consistent.