Climate Change and Disaster Resilience
Drought conditions continue to affect most parts of Somalia, following a generally poor 'Gu' 2017 rainy season in 2017. The famine risk is cyclic since the last El Nino-induced drought in 2011. This year, the drought has caused the displacement of 760,000 people (by end June). Over 65% of the Somali population is rural and engaged in pastoral, agro-pastoral, and subsistence agriculture as a livelihood. Increasing uncertainty around seasonal and annual rainfall, rising surface temperatures, and rising sea levels increasingly threaten these livelihoods, which depend on fragile or over-exploited ecosystems and natural resources. Amid chronic vulnerability, pervasive insecurity, and fragility due to conflict—along with a limited capacity to absorb climate shocks—6.7 million people or half of the population are suffering from water scarcity, food insecurity and malnutrition.This crisis occurs just six years after a famine in 2011 resulted in the death of a quarter of a million people.
The focus of the effort to date from humanitarian partners has been to prevent the protracted drought situation from becoming a famine. The humanitarian response has been rapid and able to assist more than 3 million people each month with food, cash, water and protection through an integrated approach from drought operation coordination centres at national and sub-national levels. The United Nations also looks at integrating early recovery in a government-led response and disaster risk mitigation initiatives with a view to linking humanitarian aid to longer-term resilience to climate disasters. UNDP Somalia works in close collaboration with other UN agencies, funds and programmes, to provide medium-term recovery solutions. These encompass water harvesting infrastructure, temporary income, and technical capacity to help national and regional authorities prevent, prepare and respond to crises more efficiently.Read more