Climate Change and Disaster Resilience
Drought conditions continue to affect most parts of Somalia, following a generally poor 'Gu' 2017 rainy season in 2017. The famine risk is cyclic since the last El Nino-induced drought in 2011. This year, the drought has caused the displacement of 760,000 people (by end June). Over 65% of the Somali population is rural and engaged in pastoral, agro-pastoral, and subsistence agriculture as a livelihood. Increasing uncertainty around seasonal and annual rainfall, rising surface temperatures, and rising sea levels increasingly threaten these livelihoods, which depend on fragile or over-exploited ecosystems and natural resources. Amid chronic vulnerability, pervasive insecurity, and fragility due to conflict—along with a limited capacity to absorb climate shocks—6.7 million people or half of the population are suffering from water scarcity, food insecurity and malnutrition.This crisis occurs just six years after a famine in 2011 resulted in the death of a quarter of a million people.
The focus of the effort to date from humanitarian partners has been to prevent the protracted drought situation from becoming a famine. The humanitarian response has been rapid and able to assist more than 3 million people each month with food, cash, water and protection through an integrated approach from drought operation coordination centres at national and sub-national levels. The United Nations also looks at integrating early recovery in a government-led response and disaster risk mitigation initiatives with a view to linking humanitarian aid to longer-term resilience to climate disasters. UNDP Somalia works in close collaboration with other UN agencies, funds and programmes, to provide medium-term recovery solutions. These encompass water harvesting infrastructure, temporary income, and technical capacity to help national and regional authorities prevent, prepare and respond to crises more efficiently.Read more
As an individual, you can help us avert a famine among 3 million people in Somalia's drought-affected areas Photo: ©UNDP Somalia/2016 Donate now to support more life-saving water projects