Support to the Electoral Process in the Federal Republic of Somalia
What is the project about
The Joint Programme for Support to the Electoral Process in the Federal Republic of Somalia is designed to assist Somalia to reach dual objectives according to a twin-track approach, as follows (i) to hold an electoral process in 2016 and (ii) to prepare for universal elections and referendum through institutional capacity development of the National Independent Electoral Commission (NIEC), the development of the legal framework for elections and support to promote a better understanding of electoral processes. This approach is in line with priorities of the Federal Government of Somalia’s Peacebuilding and State building Goal 1 (PSG1).
The UN Integrated Electoral Support Group, comprising UNSOM and UNDP, has been engaging with the NIEC, the FGS – primarily the Ministry of Interior and Federal Affairs (MOIFA) and the Federal Parliament to provide technical expertise.
1. The institutional capacity of the NIEC is developed to fulfil its mandate to prepare for and conduct electoral operations
2. MoIFA is supported in its electoral related democratization role
3. The legal framework for elections and referendum are developed
4. Increased public and stakeholder understanding of electoral processes and electoral legal framework through civic education
5. Support to the 2016 electoral process
What We Have Accomplished
Output 1: NIEC supported
a. Establishment of the NIEC (July 2015), including construction of temporary offices and provision of operational support.
b. Commissioners’ electoral capacity and understanding has been enhanced through participation in national and international trainings and workshops, and study tours to witness first-hand the conduct of electoral operations (Tanzania, Turkey, South Africa).
c. International recognition of the NIEC. The NIEC formally joined the Organization for Arab Electoral Management Bodies, a regional network of electoral authorities in the Arab States.
Output 2: MOIFA’s electoral role enhanced
a. Internal Working Group established to outline the process for the development of the Electoral Law.
b. Establishment of a Logistics Cell in MOIFA to support logistical operations for the 2016 electoral process.
Output 3: Electoral legal framework
a. NIEC Law approved by Parliament (February 2015); input provided according to international standards and best practices.
b. Political Parties Law approved by Parliament (June 2016); after submission of draft bill prepared by MOIFA in consultation with national and state-level stakeholders.
c. Internationally renowned electoral BRIDGE training on the legal framework provided to MOIFA and NIEC to enhance legal understanding of electoral framework
Output 4: Public Outreach
a. Development of a comprehensive and uniform electoral lexicon in Somali language, comprising 480 electoral terms and their definitions
b. Preparation of mass media messages on radio and TV to inform the public on the 2016 electoral process
c. Disseminating 300 copies of the NIEC Law and factsheets to enhance public understanding on the role and mandate of the NIEC
Output 5: 2016 electoral process
a. Extensive national and regional consultative processes held in 2015 facilitating more than 3,000 people across Somalia to have their views heard on possible electoral options to be adopted in 2016.
b. Support to the National Leadership Forums to develop and agree on an electoral model in 2016 to establish a new Federal Parliament at the end of its term in August 2016.
c. Support to the implementation of the 2016 electoral process