Civilian Police

What is the project about

Somali Police force

UNDP works in cooperation with many partners and with government authorities, in Somalia to strengthen the institutional and technical capacity of Somalia's police forces and relevant Ministries to deliver policing services to the public. This means building an efficient, effective and professional civilian police service that meets the requirements for community policing as well as the security of the Somali people – a force that is both responsive to civilian needs and accountable to civil authority.

Respect for human rights and the promotion of gender equality is a primary focus area for the project, as is the development of an accountable and competent police service, ensuring compliance with and adherence to human rights standards. The project works closely with police authorities to institutionalize accountability, oversight and internal control mechanisms. Policing should complement existing and traditional community security structures and the justice sector so that those who are in conflict with the law have access to legal representation and due process.

UNDP’s Joint Rule of Law Civilian Police Project works with law enforcement personnel particularly at the regional level to ensure that they are properly equipped to protect citizens, especially in violent and insecure areas. Working closely with law enforcement authorities, UNDP is ensuring critical support – such as thorough training and payment mechanisms – which will ensure the loyalty, commitment, morale, performance and retention of skilled police officers and security forces at this pivotal time in Somalia.


With support from Japan, the European Commission, DFID, Denmark, and the Counter Piracy Trust Fund, UNDP helps Somali law enforcement institutions deliver better policing services through recruitment, international-standard law enforcement training that stresses human rights and gender issues, improved management capacities, internal governance and oversight.

Strategies have been designed to improve access to inclusive, equitable and accountable forms of security and protection for all Somalis.

Key Achievements

Supporting robust and reliable institutions on the ground is key to UNDP’s work. In 2014, UNDP Somalia’s Joint Rule of Law Civilian Police Project worked closely with UNSOM, AMISOM, the Somali Police Force (SPF), and the Ministry of National Security (MoNS) to draft a work-plan that looks into the  future needs and developments in hiring, training and deployment into the new areas.

With UNDP advisory support, the Somaliland Police Force has begun implementation of a 5 year Strategic Plan, starting with a detailed two-year action plan. This is the first time that the Somaliland Police Force has implemented a strategic plan or action plan. This will help the Somaliland Police Force meet their goals and deliver timely and accountable protection services.  

In 2015, UNDP continued to support building the capacity of the Federal, Somaliland and Puntland Police Forces through training, mentoring and advising. Human Rights based courses have been conducted for police throughout.  Training curriculums were implemented for the Puntland Police Force after a needs analysis and training of new recruits was ongoing.

UNDP was also able to work with police in Kismayo, Beletweyne, and Baidoa – locations previously difficult to reach to analyze police deployment, number of personnel, and training and operational needs. UNDP also provided training to newly assigned police  and community service officers in recently liberated areas.

Expansion of criminal investigation training and presence of Criminal Investigation Departments (CID) in Puntland has provided better response to crimes, community related issues and prevention of serious crimes. Tasking and coordination systems are now in place to allow police commanders to identify crime trends and community safety problems (with a focus on piracy-related crimes).
In Puntland, UNDP and UNSOM issued a handbook to equip police station commanders with the necessary skills to execute their duties professionally using crime prevention and to responding with investigations. Officers and senior commanders received training on reporting and crime statistics.

Regional and Puntland police worked with the Federal Police on a ‘one uniform’ plan and are currently going through a fair and transparent procurement process. In 2016, UNDP will provide uniforms for police offices to distinguish them from the military, and the project plans to outfit all ranks (5000 full uniforms).

The capacity of police officers and stations to deal with sexual and gender based violence (SBGV) cases was strengthened across Somalia. In 2015, 30 investigators were assigned as trainers in investigation skills for SGBV cases and will be assigned to train other officers. Also, the presence and responsiveness of the police improved by providing motorcycles for faster and better response to crimes in Puntland.

A pilot project between UNDP and UNFPA was continued to address Gender Based Violence (GBV) through community policing in Puntland. This involved training 6 female volunteers, who used their skills to help break down barriers between the community and the police, making it easier for women to approach the police for protection and justice services.

UNDP also provided expertise and technical support to the Somaliland Police Force and Puntland Police Force regarding reform, traffic, education and an assessment of the headquarters. To build individual capacity for police officers, UNDP is supporting a Police Scholarship Programme intended to enhance the leadership of Police Force. In 2015, this programme provided 30 continuing scholarships to police officers (including 10 women) for degrees in criminology and public administration.

And in Puntland, UNDP continued a police scholarship programme at Puntland State University for 25 Police Officers, including 6 women, for degrees in criminal science.

As part of ongoing support to security and justice institutions across Somalia, UNDP is helping local communities roll out an innovative programme to establish ‘Model Police Stations’ in rural and coastal areas of Puntland and Somaliland. Model Police Stations focus on strengthening effective community participation and ongoing security sector reforms in the country. They will help provide oversight and guidance to enhance security sector governance at the local level. In 2014, Model Police Stations in Garowe, Bossaso, and Bander Bayle were completed and handed over to the local authorities. 



What We Have Accomplished


The reported results below reflect achievements in 2014

Federal Level

Assessments were done on the refurbishment needs of the Criminal Investigations Department as well as the procurement of furniture and IT equipment for the new Ministry of National Security. The biometric registration of nearly 90% of the Somali Police Force (SPF) has been done. The first phase of the Sexual and Gender Based Violence investigation Training of Trainers (ToT) was completed with assistance from UNSOM HR, AMISOM Police & UN Police Section. This first phase on ToT on Human Rights & the police was well received. There were visits to police in Kismayo; Belet Weyne; Baidoa and places that had previously been difficult to reach. The Police Working Group met under the leadership of the SPF and Ministry of National Security. A SPF standard uniform was showcased at the Police Working Group. A new eight person Strategic Planning Team was formed within the SPF.


Puntland
Completion of Model Police Stations in Garowe has been a significant step towards ensuring that everyone is represented with community-oriented policing and able to report crime. Most importantly, police in these areas are now able to detect and deter crime with assistance of people they serve. Puntland Reform Security Sector Committee, with support from the Civilian Police Project, are working on strategy implementation ensuring Puntland's Five Year Development Plan’s objectives are achieved. Puntland and the Federal police are working together on agreements to a one uniform policy so police are easily recognizable. Events include the rehab and equipping of the Model Police Station attended by Puntland Vice President & UNDP Assistant Country Director at a Garowe handover ceremony.

Somaliland
In 2014, good progress was made in relation to launching a police scholarship programme at the University of Hargeisa. Thirty Police Officers have started their studies at the University studying criminal science. Some of them enrolled in a full degree of law. Out of 30, nine are women police officers who will develop their professional skills to advance their career in police services as future women police leaders and managers.

Also, Somaliland CPP has successfully delivered all furniture for two newly constructed model police stations. In addition to this Police Training Expert, who will develop the Model Police Station Management training package as well as ToT for Mandheera Trainers, has commenced.

Who Finances it?

 Donor name

Amount contributed per year in US$

  2013

DFID

1,975,519

GOVERNMENT OF NORWAY

978,877

EUROPEAN COMMISSION

5,484,688

GOVERNMENT OF DENMARK

918,015

GOVERNMENT OF JAPAN

7,300,000

COUNTER PIRACY TRUST FUND

1,455,200

2012

GOVERNMENT OF GERMANY

432,900

DFID

994,229

GOVERNMENT OF SOUTH KOREA

273,500

GOVERNMENT OF DENMARK

850,741

EUROPEAN COMMISSION

5,605,344

GOVERNMENT OF JAPAN

5,200,000

2011

UNPOS

6,406,224

GOVERNMENT OF GERMANY

321,233

UNODC

362,307

GOVERNMENT OF BELGIUM

66,100

GOVERNMENT OF DENMARK

1,321,328

GOVERNMENT OF NORWAY

1,810,488

DFID

1,294,739

PEACE BUILDING TRUST FUND

493,874

EUROPEAN COMMISSION

4,984,631

GOVERNMENT OF JAPAN

331,975

GOVERNMENT OF SWEDEN

596,843

Delivery in previous fiscal year in US$

Dec 2013

11,115,604

Dec 2012

17,592,851

Dec 2011

11,183,082

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